This is a kind of curve pattern caused by scoliosis. The malady occurs when the spine makes a curvature of 10 degrees or more. In thoracolumbar scoliosis, the curves are predominantly on the right side. Treatment includes surgery or braces.
Common symptoms include fatigue, back pain, uneven hips or shoulders and an abnormally curved spine.
Common causes include paralysis, muscle weakness and poor muscle control. The malady can also be congenital, resulting due to malformation of spinal bones or ribs, that fuse together as a result of pregnancy.
About 2-3 percent of 16-year-old Americans suffer from scoliosis. However, only a miniscule number of patients develop curves that need surgery. The incidence of the malady is higher in girls.
Scoliosis is first detected by a parent or doctor, or during a routine screening exam. To find out more details about the scoliosis, a bone exam and X-ray are necessary
Treatment depends on the causes, the location of the curvature and whether the sufferer is still growing. Mild cases don’t require treatment, but they need to be checked once in six months.
Bracing is used in severe cases to slow down the progression of the disease and to straighten the spine. However, braces only bring about a temporary correction. After the removal of the brace, the curve usually goes back to its old position.
In case the spinal curvature is severe, surgery is performed to straighten the curve by fusing the bones together. The fused bones are kept erect with the help of metal rods.