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What is Juvenile Scoliosis? – Causes of Juvenile Scoliosis

Juvenile scoliosis occurs in the age group of 3 – 10 years. Often, this requires treatment as the curve or deformity is at higher risk of progression. Nearly, 70% of people suffering from juvenile scoliosis require treatment. About 50% of patients require surgery and the rest require brace for support.


4 out of 5 cases are “


”, which means the cause is unknown. Children with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis appear to be healthy and do not have any joint or bone disease earlier. This is not caused by diet, carrying heavy bag or poor posture. This is further classified in four based on the age onset.

  1. Infantile:

    Deformity appears before 3 years of age. This is very rare in United States, but common in Europe.

  2. Juvenile:

    This appears in the age group of 3 – 10 years. This is similar to adolescent type, except the onset age.

  3. Adolescent:

    This deformity is seen in the age group of 10 – 13 years, at the initial stage of puberty. This is the most common scoliosis.

  4. Adult:

    Deformity or curvature begins after the physical maturation is done.


Most causes of adolescent scoliosis are unknown. Juvenile scoliosis causes are known. Hence, can differentiate it from other scoliosis. Some causes are known like pathological, metabolic diseases and neuromuscular. It is still unknown why some curvatures increase rapidly, while some progress slowly or remain stable.

If the curve progress very rapidly, diagnosis should be done to discover the cause. Scoliosis can be genetically inherited and frequently this condition runs in the family. If one child is suffering from the scoliosis, all the other children should also be examined by the physician.

Some neurological disorders, like spine injuries, polio, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy can be traced. It is very important to identify the scoliosis as early as possible as the treatment provides the chances of halting or slowing down the curvature.

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