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What is Thoracic Scoliosis? – Causes, Symptoms of Scoliosis

Thoracic Scoliosis is a medical condition where an individuals spine is curved. Though, it is a complex 3-dimensional deformity, the spinal cord of the person with typical scoliosis looks more like a “


” or an “


” than a straight line. This affects approximately 7million Americans.

Typically, it is classified as


  • Congenital:

    This is caused by the vertebral anomalies that are present at birth.

  • Idiopathic:

    This is sub classified as juvenile, infantile, adult or, adolescent, according to its onset.

  • Neuromuscular:

    This is developed as the secondary sign of other conditions, like cerebral palsy, physical trauma, spinal muscular atrophy and, spina bifida.


Causes for Thoracic Scoliosis:

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

cause is not known and is believed that it is multi factorial. Several causes had been mentioned, but not even a single cause has been marked by the scientists. Genetic factor is widely accepted by the scientists.

This is more prevalent in women. In few cases, this is present at birth because of congenital vertebral anomaly. Sometimes, scoliosis is developed during adolescence because of “

tethered spinal cord

”, but mostly the cause is idiopathic or unknown. Thoracic scoliosis worsens in the adolescence growth spurt.

Researchers at “

Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children

” , in April 2007, identified the idiopathic scoliosis. The study was done for 10 years and was outlined in May 2007 in the “

American Journal of Human Genetics


Symptoms of Thoracic Scoliosis:

People who do not reach skeletal maturity level are more likely to suffer from scoliosis. In some cases, scoliosis leads to diminish lung capacity, by pressurizing heart and also restricts physical activities.

Here are some symptoms of Thoracic Scoliosis:

  • Slow nerve action
  • Uneven hips or leg lengths
  • Uneven muscular structure on one side of spinal cord
  • Asymmetric location or size of breast in women
  • Rib prominence and a prominent shoulder blade. This is caused by the ribcage rotation in thoracic scoliosis.

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