The Origin of Vertebroplasty
The first vertebroplasty was done in 1984 in France. It was used to treat cervical vertebral hemangioma. Since 1984, it is used in the treatment of intense pain of the back, pain, caused by vertebral compression and vertebral fractures.
Vertebroplasty is a procedure which involves an injection, anesthesia and the main procedure. The pain is reduced immediately after the vertebroplasty. It hardly takes 40 minutes per level to treat different types of problems related to the vertebrae.
Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a new method of treating fractured vertebrae. A medical grade cement is injected using a needle. It is directly injected to the fractured vertebrae. The fracture becomes stabilized by this injection. This procedure is effective when the conservative treatments fail to treat vertebral problems.
The bone cement is expected to give the desired pin relief to the patient. The patient gets a mechanical support in the fractured vertebrae after the injecting procedure. The cement used in this is made of semisolid mixture of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The acrylic cement is used to restore the stiffness and strength in fractured vertebrae.
CPT Code for Percutaneous Vertebroplasty
CPT code means Current Procedural Terminology code. It was tabulated in the year 2001. It is used for vertebroplasty procedures. The CPT – 4 code is also used for lumbar and thoracic vertebroplasty. The forth edition of CPT code is known as CPT – 4.
CPT – 4 22520 and CPT – 4 22521 are used to treat thoracic and lumbar vertebroplasty respectively.